Technology matrix

 

Etching

Laser cutting

Stamping

Spark erosion

Water jet cutting

Electroforming

Tolerance as a % of the metal thickness

+/- 10%

+/- 5%

+/- 10%

+/- 10%

+/- 15%

+/- 5%

Metals

Virtually all metals

Virtually no restrictions

Virtually no restrictions

Carbon steel and most metal alloys

Virtually all materials, except for very thin ones

Mainly nickel

Hardness

Virtually no restrictions

Virtually no restrictions

Problems with very soft, hard or brittle materials

Hardness can be a consideration

Hardness must be discussed

Typical
180 - 600 HV

Stress

No stress

Thermal stress on cutting edges

Stress on and around cutting edges

Distortion, hardening and structural changes possible

Limited stress on cutting edges

Low stress

Burrs

No burring

Micro burring

Partial burring

Micro burring

Micro burring

No burring

Samples

Low costs, irrespective of complexity

Low cost

High cost

Low cost

Low cost

Average cost level

Design changes

Fast, easy, low costs

Fast, easy, low costs

Long, expensive

Fast, easy, low costs

QFast, easy, low costs

Fast, easy, low costs

Mass production

Average cost level

High cost

Low cost

High cost

High cost

Average cost level

 



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